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门禁发展历史
门禁发展历史
Development History of Access Control
出入口门禁系统顾名思义就是对出入口通道进行管制的系统,它是在传统的门锁基础上发展而来的。传统的机械门锁仅仅是单纯的机械装置,无论结构设计多么合理,材料多么坚固,人们总能用通过各种手段把它打开。在出入人很多的通道(像办公室,酒店客房)钥匙的管理很麻烦,钥匙丢失或人员更换都要把锁和钥匙一起更换。为了解决这些问题,就出现了电子磁卡锁,电子密码锁,这两种锁的出现从一定程度上提高了人们对出入口通道的管理程度,使通道管理进入了电子时代,但随着这两种电子锁的不断应用,它们本身的缺陷就逐渐暴露,磁卡锁的问题是信息容易复制,卡片与读卡机具之间磨损大,故障率高,安全系数低。密码锁的问题是密码容易泄露,又无从查起,安全系数很低。同时这个时期的产品由于大多采用读卡部分(密码输入)与控制部分合在一起安装在门外,很容易被人在室外打开锁。这个时期的门禁系统还停留在早期不成熟阶段,因此当时的门禁系统通常被人称为电子锁,应用也不广泛。
As the name implies, the access control system is a system that controls access. It is developed on the basis of traditional door locks. The traditional mechanical door lock is only a simple mechanical device, no matter how reasonable the structure design and material are, people can always open it by various means. The key management of access channels (such as offices and hotel rooms) with a large number of visitors is very troublesome. If the key is lost or personnel are replaced, the lock and key should be replaced together. In order to solve these problems, the emergence of electronic magnetic card lock and electronic password lock has improved people's management of access passage to a certain extent and brought the channel management into the electronic era. However, with the continuous www.gangsisheng.org.cnwww.chongmianji.com.cnwww.chuanxianguan.com.cnwww.yinfengji.com.cnwww.hongganjixie.com.cn www.shusongji.net.cnapplication of these two electronic locks, their own shortcomings are gradually exposed. The problem of magnetic card lock is that information is easy to copy, card and card reader. The wear between the equipments is large, the failure rate is high, and the safety factor is low. The problem with password locks is that passwords are easy to leak, and there is no way to find them out. The security factor is very low. At the same time, most of the products in this period are installed outside the door by reading cards (password input) and control parts, which makes it easy for people to open locks outdoors. In this period, the access control system still stayed in the early immature stage, so the access control system at that time was usually called electronic lock, and was not widely used.
最近几年随着感应卡技术,生物识别技术的发展,门禁系统得到了飞跃式的发展,进入了成熟期,出现了感应卡式门禁系统,指纹门禁系统,虹膜门禁系统,面部识别门禁系统,乱序键盘门禁系统等各种技术的系统,它们在安全性,方便性,易管理性等方面都各有特长,门禁系统的应用领域也越来越广。
In recent years, with the development of induction card technology and biometrics technology, access control system has been developed by leaps and bounds. It has entered a mature stage. There are many kinds of technology systems, such as induction card access control system, fingerprint access control system, iris access control system, face recognition access control system, disordered keyboard access control system, etc. They have their own security, convenience and manageability. Specialty, access control system is also more and more widely used.

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  2. 电话:xxx
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